Population structure and distribution
Photo: Anthony Hull
The Australian Marine Mammal Centre's scientists together with other Australian and international colleagues have initiated studies to investigate the migration behaviour, population structure and exploitation history of Australia's humpback whale populations. This will be achieved principally through satellite tracking and population genetic analyses. The genetic work will analyse biopsy samples collected off the east and west coasts of Australia and from east Antarctica to describe the movement of animals between the two recognised Australian breeding populations and the distribution of these populations on their Antarctic feeding ground where they were killed in huge numbers by commercial whaling operations through the 20th century.
Genetic data generated by the study of Australia's humpback whales will also be used to describe the links between the east coast population and breeding populations found throughout the western Pacific. These Pacific populations have shown a very slow rate of recovery since the cessation of commercial whaling and remain endangered.